Enclosure dan Kebijakan Penguasaan Lahan

Tahun: 2020

Penulis: Ciptaningrat Larastiti, Syiqqil Arofat, dan Ahmad Jaetuloh

Daerah Penelitian: –

Kata Kunci: Studi Agraria, Kebijakan Agraria, Reforma Agraria


Enclosure is an important concept in understanding how state continuously works to ensure the commodification over land and natural resources. By addressing the historical approach, the enclosure has been manifested along the mechanism of ‘sectoral policies on the land controls’ and ‘privatization’. Those mechanisms aim to be intensively addressed the large-scale land acquisition by categorizing the land controls (either the declared state-land and private property ownership) and land use (the forest status and cultivation/non-forest status). These categorizations have marginalized the peasantry who works for small plots with the family’s labor.

Peasants struggle in accessing a small piece of land whilst companies continuously eager to expand million hectares of land. The decolonizing land policies through UUPA No. 5/1960 was abruptly discarded during New Order regime that systematically triggered the enclosure process. When New Order fall out in May 1998, the demands on UUPA was fulfilled through TAP MPR IX/2001 in terms of promoting land reform and synchronizing land policies. Yet, the agenda seemed stuck due to the existing power of large-scale land acquisition. The paper tries to understand the dynamics of land policies that used to facilitate land commodification. By elaborating the keywords in its context, we may have a comprehensive understanding on how are the enclosure mechanism as manifested in the land policies?

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